Aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes, other education-related settings, and in extracurricular and nonacademic settings, to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate. May include accommodations and modifications to the curriculum, the way content is presented, or how a child’s progress is measured. Can also include direct services and supports to the child, and support and training for staff who work with that child.
According to the Center for Parent Information and Training, this can include:
- Supports to address environmental needs (e.g., preferential seating; planned seating on the bus, in the classroom, at lunch, in the auditorium, and in other locations; altered physical room arrangement)
- Levels of staff support needed (e.g., consultation, stop-in support, classroom companion, one-on-one assistance; type of personnel support: behavior specialist, health care assistant, instructional support assistant)
- Planning time for collaboration needed by staff
- Child’s specialized equipment needs (e.g., wheelchair, computer, software, voice synthesizer, augmentative communication device, utensils/cups/plates, restroom equipment)
- Pacing of instruction needed (e.g., breaks, more time, home set of materials)
- Presentation of subject matter needed (e.g., taped lectures, sign language, primary language, paired reading and writing)
- Materials needed (e.g., scanned tests and notes into computer, shared note-taking, large print or Braille, assistive technology)
- Assignment modification needed (e.g., shorter assignments, taped lessons, instructions broken down into steps, allow student to record or type assignment)
- Self-management and/or follow-through needed (e.g., calendars, teach study skills)
- Testing adaptations needed (e.g., read test to child, modify format, extend time)
- Social interaction support needed (e.g., provide Circle of Friends, use cooperative learning groups, teach social skills)
- Training needed for personnel
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