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In responsive neurostimulation, a small battery-powered device called a neurostimulator is implanted in the patient’s skull. The neurostimulator is connected to thin wires, called leads, which the surgeon places in the area or areas of the brain where the patient’s seizures originate. The neurostimulator monitors the brain’s electrical activity, and when activity that could lead to a seizure is detected, it delivers a pulse of electrical stimulation through the leads. The electrical pulse may stop the seizure before it begins.