Brain Surgeries to Stop Seizures

Brain Surgeries to Stop Seizures 2018-09-18T16:47:49+00:00

Epilepsy surgery is any type of brain surgery where parts of the brain are removed, disconnected, or stimulated to stop seizures. There are many different types of epilepsy surgeries. Which procedure is used depends upon the type of seizures presented, where they are localized in the brain, and the training and experience of the neurosurgeon.

Curative surgery

These purpose of these procedures is to stop the seizures completely. They include:

Lesionectomy

Lobectomy (single or multiple lobes)

Hemispherectomy

Amygdalohippocampectomy

Hippocampal transection

Posterior quadrant resection or disconnection (also known as temporoparietaloccipital disconnection or TPO)

Stereotactic thermoablation

Stereotactic radiofrequency ablation

Interstitial radiosurgery

Laser interstitial ablation (Visualase)

Gamma Knife radiosurgery

Palliative surgery

There are other procedures which are not intended to stop the seizures completely, but are instead aim to stop the seizures after they begin or reduce the number of seizures. These are known as palliative procedures. They include:

Corpus callosotomy

Multiple subpial transection

Vagus nerve stimulation

Responsive neurostimulation

Cortical and deep brain stimulation

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